Research Findings

The list below displays the most recently updated research at the top of the list.

Submitted by Susan Cozzens on Jan, 04 2010
Interviews with leading researchers and the analysis of publication data in the fields of biofuels and neutron scattering have revealed that the United States was leading the way in both these fields of research from 2003 to 2006. The analysis has also shown that 36% of the biofuels publications from those years were collaborative, of which about a third (13% of the total) were international collaborations. The analysis of neutron scattering showed that 69% of all publications from the same years were collaborative, of which two thirds (43% of the total publications) were international collaborations. Susan Cozzens Profile SciSIP Award # 0738184 with Marilyn Brown
Submitted by Marilyn Brown on Jan, 04 2010
Interviews with leading researchers and the analysis of publication data in the fields of biofuels and neutron scattering have revealed that the United States was leading the way in both these fields of research from 2003 to 2006. The analysis has also shown that 36% of the biofuels publications from those years were collaborative, of which about a third (13% of the total) were international collaborations. The analysis of neutron scattering showed that 69% of all publications from the same years were collaborative, of which two thirds (43% of the total publications) were international collaborations. Marilyn Brown profile SciSIP Award # 0738184 with Susan Cozzens
Submitted by Ahmed Mobarak on Jan, 04 2010
Foreign graduate students enrolled at US research universities have a significant impact on publications at the departmental level. While US and foreign graduate students offer similar productivity profiles, foreign graduate students generate a relatively higher increase in citations. On average, a one-percent increase in enrollments of American students increases scientific publications by around 0.4 publications while a one-percent increase in foreign enrollment raises scientific publications by around 0.5 publications. (Citation: http://www.aaas.org/spp/SciSIP/ppts/SciSIP.3.2009_Stuen.Mobarak.Maskus.pdf) Ahmed Mobarak profile SciSIP Award # 0738036 with Keith Maskus
Submitted by Francisco Veloso on Jan, 04 2010
Ph.D.s employed by the universities at which they received their degree are less likely to be open to the scientific community. “Inbred” faculty are 40% less likely to share critical information with their external colleagues. (Citation: http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/fveloso/navelgazing.pdf) Francisco Veloso profile SciSIP Award # 0738182
Submitted by Katy Borner on Jan, 04 2010
Visual and spatial maps can enhance the understanding of science by children. The sheer amount of data, new ideas, and terminology that must be assimilated can present challenges in science education. However, NSF-supported researchers have found that scientific maps have helped children to better understand correlations between various disciplines of science. Children are easily able to transfer their map-reading skills to utilize maps of science. (Citation: http://ivl.slis.indiana.edu/km/pub/2009-borner-kids.pdf) Katy Borner profile SciSIP Award # 0738111 with Kevin Boyak and Weixia Huang
Submitted by Fiona Murray on Jan, 04 2010
Vast and diverse ownership is an important aspect of a healthy economy, but creates significant problems for follow-on contributors in the public sector. Patent thickets can be to expensive or difficult to navigate for follow-on contributors.  (Citation: http://fmurray.scripts.mit.edu/docs/Huang.Murray_AMJ_09.16.2008_FINAL.pdf)  Fiona Murray profile SciSIP Award # 0738394 with Jeffrey Furman and Scott Stern
Submitted by Fiona Murray on Jan, 04 2010
Follow-on research of disease genes is negatively impacted by patent law.   Cancer related genes suffer a negative impact on forward citations of 11% compared with 4% in the non-cancer sample. Disease genes are highly guarded because of their earnings potential. (Citation: http://fmurray.scripts.mit.edu/docs/Huang.Murray_AMJ_09.16.2008_FINAL.pdf)  Fiona Murray profile SciSIP Award # 0738394 with Jeffrey Furman and Scott Stern
Submitted by Fiona Murray on Jan, 04 2010
There is significant evidence that the private sector has been particularly aggressive with intellectual property law enforcement targeted at other firms and public institutions. Medical –center citations rates have declined substantially in recent years. (Citation: http://fmurray.scripts.mit.edu/docs/Huang.Murray_AMJ_09.16.2008_FINAL.pdf)  Fiona Murray profile SciSIP Award # 0738394 with Jeffrey Furman and Scott Stern
Submitted by Fiona Murray on Jan, 04 2010
Private sector patents have more of a negative impact on forward citations, a decline of 6% to 9% compared to 0% to 3% for academic papers. Strict patent enforcement can lead to a blockage of follow-up research. (Citation: http://fmurray.scripts.mit.edu/docs/Huang.Murray_AMJ_09.16.2008_FINAL.pdf)  Fiona Murray profile SciSIP Award # 0738394 with Jeffrey Furman and Scott Stern
Submitted by Fiona Murray on Jan, 04 2010
Among the 4,270 patents on human genes, at least 35% are associated with gene patent-paper pairs. A patent-pair contributes to both the academic and industrial world because gene patent-paper pairs are utilized by the public and private sector to disclose findings. (Citation: http://fmurray.scripts.mit.edu/docs/Huang.Murray_AMJ_09.16.2008_FINAL.pdf)  Fiona Murray profile SciSIP Award # 0738394 with Jeffrey Furman and Scott Stern

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