[scisip] Innovation as a Nonlinear Process and the Scientometric Perspective; preprint version available

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Innovation as a Nonlinear Process, the Scientometric Perspective,
and the Specification of an “Innovation Opportunities Explorer”

Loet Leydesdorff,[1] Daniele Rotolo,[2] & Wouter de Nooy [1]

 

The process of innovation follows non-linear patterns across the domains of science, technology, and the economy. Novel bibliometric mapping techniques can be used to investigate and represent distinctive, but complementary perspectives on the innovation process (e.g., "demand" and "supply") as well as the interactions among these perspectives. The perspectives can be represented as "continents" of data related to varying extents over time. For example, the different branches of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in the Medline database provide sources of such perspectives (e.g., "Diseases" versus "Drugs and Chemicals"). The multiple-perspective approach enables us to reconstruct facets of the dynamics of innovation, in terms of selection mechanisms shaping localizable trajectories and/or resulting in more globalized regimes. By expanding the data with patents and scholarly publications, we demonstrate the use of this multi-perspective approach in the case of RNA Interference (RNAi). The possibility to develop an "Innovation Opportunities Explorer" is specified.

 

[1] ASCoR, University of Amsterdam

[2] SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research), University of Sussex

 

** at http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6235

** apologies for cross-postings.

 


Loet Leydesdorff

Professor, University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
Tel. +31-20-525 6598; fax: +31-842239111

loet@leydesdorff.net ; http://www.leydesdorff.net/
Visiting Professor, ISTIC, Beijing; Honorary Fellow, SPRU, University of Sussex; http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ych9gNYAAAAJ&hl=en 

 

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